Ebola-Evett and Zachary

Ebola hemorrhagic fever commonly known as Ebola Virus
Zachary Walls and Evett Hawks

figure 1. Picture of an Ebola virus through an microscope

Ebola is ....

An Ebola viron has an average length of 920 nano meters and a diameter of 80. their structure consists of a "helical nucleocapsid", it has a mebrane of 10 nanometer projctions, and it has the host cell membrane."The molecular composition of Ebola includes single-stranded RNA, seven polypeptides, a nucleoprotein, glycoprotein, polymerase, and other proteins." (quoted from website)

Can it be cured?

There is no known treatment for Ebola virus. There are immunizations shots but they don't work as well as they should. it spreads from person to person contact or from use of reused needles.
Elboa is transmittable through animals and humans and is passed by touching blood or body fluids from an infected person Along with humans handling animals and nurses handling patients with the virus.Those who have died have the virus within them handing it over to the one that handles dead bodies
The virus goes through blood vessels and replicates throughout the body infecting organs as the virus grows. Other animals can carry the virus but the virus hurts only humans and monkeys. The cells die and the virus’s move on to continue the cycle killing organs. it hits liver cells harder then it hits others for some reason. The virus in rare cases has been seen to liquify the organs of it's host.


The symptoms of Ebola are but not limited too:

Sore throat
Muscle aching
Throwing up
Dry cough
Loss of life

The human body produces antibodies to deal with the Ebola virus but most of the time Ebola kills the antibodies before they can form enough to fight back. If the body does do it's job then the infected should recover within several weeks after contracting the virus.

History of Ebola

it was discovered in Centeral Africia and Humans and monekys are suspetiable. Ebola virus was discovered in 1976 and named after a river in North Africa.There were many diffrent outbreaks since then. Ebola has a human fatality rate of 50-90%
The virus seemed to be within the same family of the Marburg virus. though it proved immune to the serums for it and it continued on and killed 40% of the hospital staff that treated the first bleeding trader who wandered into the hospital. the virus hasn't mutated much since being discovered but I predict that one day it will start targeting non humanoid creatures in order to save it self from the decline in infected humans.

Our sources tell us ...

2. http://www.bio3tech100.com/biotechnology_encyclopedia/ebola.htm
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ebola_virus_em.jpg
4. http://www.dhpe.org/infect/ebola.html , http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/dispages/ebola/ebolatable.htm
7. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Ebola
11. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Ebola

The name virus was named after the river in africa where the virus originated
4. History/background information: When was is discovered? By who? Where? Are there any major past outbreaks? Where? Is this virus generally located in a specific geographic region? Also provide some statistics about infection numbers, mortality rates, etc.
7. *Details about virus structure/composition. What kind of nucleic acids does it have? What is its coat/shell made of? What surface proteins does it have?
8. *Details about infection. Which human cells does it infect? How does infection occur? Once the virus injects its DNA/RNA into the cell, what happens? What host cell organelles are involved? What enzymes are involved?
9. *How does the human body fight the virus?
10. *How has the virus changed over time? Are there documented cases of it mutating? How does this occur? What specific changes were observed and how did this affect humans or other organisms? If no mutations have been directly observed, predict what might happen if the virus were to change in the future.
11. How is this virus treated by medical professionals? Do we have a vaccination/immunization against this virus? How can infection be prevented?