Onji J

Virus: Ebola


History/background information: In 1976 Ebola was discovered in Western Sudan near the Zaire region when the virus was discovered by a Dr. Ngoy Mushola. Since then it is known to be an extremely fatal disease. Though it is most commonly known to be found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in Western Sudan. The latest outbreak was in 2003 and all together there have been 1500 outbreaks, animals included, and two-thirds of victims have died. When it first began to outbreak 50% of people who got the virus died in Sudan, while 90% died in Zaire.

Symptoms: Sore throat, fever, migraines, muscle/joint aches, feebleness, dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pains and hacking dry cough.
Some patients may have rashes, red eyes, or dark peeling skin, and pregnant women may have a miscarriage and severe vaginal bleeding. People with the virus tend to pass away after the second week of symptoms.

How it travels, etc.: It is transmitted by close contact with someone with the virus and by needles because there are huge amounts of the virus in blood and bodily fluids. Monkeys are most likely to get the virus, the likelihood is the same as humans if the virus mutates. However when it first began it came from human to animal contact because the source of the carrier is unknown.

Structure/Composure: The virus is known to be in the "Filoviridae" family of viruses or a
viral hemorrhagic fever. Other forms of the virus is known as arenaviruses, flaviviruses, and bunyaviruses. The virus is enveloped in an RNA shell. GP or in other words glycoprotiens are a surface protein of ebola.

The Infection: Ebola attacks the immune system immensly. It tackles the fibroblastic reticular system which plays a part in helpin the immune system do it's job and have effective responses. The infection occurs from tranfers of bodily fluids and human to human contacts. Once it gets in your system it attcks internal organs, nervous system, and spreads throughout the body.

How the body fights: The only way the body can fight against the virus by the immune system working against it but once the virus attacks the immune system the only way to fight abola is to get treatments, which is not guarenteed to work because there is no official cure.

Mutation: After having the virus for a while is gets stronger and continues to attack the body. The virus can mutate once its jumps from the primate, a monkey, to a human and visa verser.

Medical treatments:
Glycoproteins (GP) and nucleoprotein are natural protiens that doctors have discovered fights against ebloa. The glycoproteins work as vaccine when neutralize the antibodies which cause the glycoproteins to work against the ebola virus. However there is no official treatment for ebola.